Luz M. Quiroga
University of Hawaii
Behind most computerized information system there is a backend database; the performance of the system depends of how well designed the database is; understanding how a database is structured will give you knowledge to present diagrams (ER diagrams) with specifications of the data, metadata, standards, relationships, queries and reports needed.
Structuring information is the purpose of the semantic web project, one of the most important works for the future web. This project is being conducted by the inventor of the web, Tim Berners-Lee, as a way to bring order and improve finding information in the web. You will be aware of how many of the ideas in this project seem to be expansion of LIS principles for cataloging, indexing, and retrieval, applied to organization of any kind of information (e.g. booking flights, shopping, administration, health, entertainment, education, etc.)
Connolly, T., Begg, C. 2010. Database systems: a practical approach to design, implementation and management, 5th ed.